Research Paper Sources

  1.  “Nonmedical Use of Adderall[R] among Full-Time College Students. The NSDUH Report.”Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. SAMHSA’s National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information (NCADI). P.O. Box 2345, Rockville, MD 20847-2345. Tel: 800-729- 6686; Tel: 301-468-2600; Web Site: http://ncadi.samhsa.gov, 07 Apr. 2009. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. <https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED525060&gt;.
  2. Abuse, National Institute on Drug. “Trends & Statistics.”NIDA. N.p., 24 Apr. 2017. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. <https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/trends-statistics&gt;.
  3. Griffin, Kenneth W., and Gilbert J. Botvin. “Evidence-Based Interventions for Preventing Substance Use Disorders in Adolescents.”Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America. U.S. National Library of Medicine, July 2010. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. <https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2916744/&gt;.
  4. “Consequences.” Consequences of College Drinking. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. <https://www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov/statistics/consequences.aspx&gt;.

1.)

The first source on the nonmedical use of Adderall among college students explores the negative effects of unprescribed substance use with a focus on Adderall. The article tackled every angle with a focus on statistics, specific cases, and even insight into behavioral patterns. For example, the articles stated that college aged students who used Adderall non-medically were more likely to have used other illicit drugs without a prescription. Information much like this is present throughout the entire article and such information thoroughly backs my claims. This article was crucial in providing several statistics for my paper such as substance use rates comparing college aged individuals with non-college aged individuals. Additionally, this article served as a connector between drug abuse and the college campus which is the central focus of the paper.

2.)

This source is a page purely dedicated to statistics revolving around substance abuse hence the name of the site (National Institute of Drug Abuse). The numbers within this web page were very valuable in proving just how massive the issue of drug abuse is, thus backing my points even further. This source, as well as other statistical sources, were necessary because numbers never lie and do a much better job convincing readers than words usually can. An example of the data found on this page would be the toll on our nation in response to substance abuse including drugs such as tobacco, alcohol, and other illicit drugs. In a paper such as mine where there are several points to counter, having statistics to back any and all of my claims is very beneficially in alleviating any bias.

3.)

This source from the US National Library of Medicine discussed methods of preventing Substance use disorders as well as factors that lead to substance abuse. In particular, this article emphasized using family and environment based programs to help deal with the disorder because most drug issues stem from one’s family problems or the environment that the patient surrounds his/herself with. The article agrees with my thesis that drug abuse is a growing problem in the nation and deserves considerable attention. This article provides several solutions to the problem that I could implement in my paper, thus leading me to believe that this article would benefit the paper.

4.)

This source is credible in that the cite is called College Drinking Prevention with a .gov at the end and that there is a list of sources sited that all back the numbers within the page. For these reasons, I deemed this source worthy of placement within my paper. The central argument of my research paper is that there is an outstanding issue surrounding drug as well as alcohol use. The drug portion has already been covered by previous sources, but this source specifically covers the alcohol area. The statistics held within emphasize the harmful effects of drinking and what it causes, whether that be violence, arrest, or sexual assault. The aim of this paper is to back the idea of heightened monitoring of drug and alcohol consumption, so these numbers mesh nicely with this focus.

 

Together, these sources put an explanation point at the end of each of my claims about the harmful effects of excessive drug and alcohol use. They provide ample statistics, real world examples, and potential solutions that, when combined, can hopefully convince anyone that there is a real problem in the way most universities handle drug and alcohol issues. By using the US as a whole and then narrowing the scope to college campuses, the outlying issues become prominent early, and from there the numbers state the remainder of the story.

 

 

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Research Paper Topics

When trying to decide on a research argument, topics that I have an interest in should obviously be explored. Arguments that involve sports, cultural diversity, and public health are probably more down my alley so my topics deal with these three areas of research.

Question 1: Should universities have such a large portion of funds invested in athletic programs?

This topic is brought up very frequently because of the issues of student debt and quality of education that surround it. Students are upset because numerous schools put money into sports that are drawn from their tuition. There is also the converse argument that the athletic programs are generating a profit, so ultimately it benefits the university.

Motivation: Too often I hear people complain about how easy the student athletes have it. They receive a full scholarship and then just take the easiest classes. I think about it differently. A lot of recruited student athletes desperately need the scholarship. Athletics can be their only way out of poverty. Also, maintaining a balance of commitment to both education and athletics is very difficult. I want to explore this because I also value both athletics and education.

Information and Arguments: I hope to find information and statistics that display the statistics for money placed into athletics programs at major colleges. Ideally, data on the revenue that these schools receive would be very effective in backing my argument on the productivity of emphasis on athletics for schools as a business. Another argument I could include is the idea that placing too much money into athletic programs hinders the educational quality of the university. This cannot be true since there are so many schools that are sport great educational programs as well as athletic programs (Examples include Duke, Stanford, Northwestern, and many more). My major points will probably be the three stated.

 

Question 2: To what extent does race influence opportunity?

This topic is one we hear typically in the debate for equality between men and women, however, there still may be a prevalent disparity between the hiring or acceptance of people of certain races or religions. This is a very touchy topic, but it is still very important because the overall goal for society should be that every individual regardless of race, gender, or religious receives identical opportunities.

Motivation: This topic is important to me because I am a person of color and I am saddened whenever I hear stories of discrimination. As a college student, I want to receive similar opportunities for success as my peers of other races or faiths. The hard work I put in should be rewarded and the same goes for all students.

Information and Arguments: As of now, I don’t know how great the difference is between the races in hiring and such opportunities, but hopefully I can find some data that presents this information and the differences will not be negligible. I could also mix gender into the argument as well, so a total analysis of racial and gender differences could vividly paint the picture of the situation. I would make the argument that people of color perhaps don’t receive identical treatment as other do when it comes to the work force. Additionally, I would argue the reasoning behind this and how certain races are stereo-typically veered towards jobs that ‘suit’ them.

 

Question 3: Should all campuses be smoke free zones?

Smoking whether it be cigarettes or any other drug is harmful for the user, but it can also be detrimental towards those around them. Secondhand smoking is a contributor to health issues. Society is so much more accepting smoking, but it can still have repercussions for people in the proximity. In close packed areas, inhaling smoke from cigarettes can also trigger asthma attacks and other breathing issues. Additionally, smoking can lead to addiction and addiction to anything is usually negative.

Motivation: I am completely against smoking because of how detrimental it is to the human body, but more than that, growing up with asthma made me very conscious of when people were smoking around me. On campus, I see countless people smoking and numerous cigarette butts lying around in the sidewalks. This is bad for the environment as well as public health.

Information and Arguments: The most necessary statistics to pursue this topic would be effects of secondhand smoking on people. This is crucial because the ‘public health’ issue is concerned with the people around the smoker. Additionally, it would be helpful to know about other campuses that have implemented a smoke free policy and how that has changed both the environment and the public health of the school. My key arguments revolve around the consequences of smoking both for the user and the public. As stated before, secondhand smoking is a thing and should be a major concern for everyone, but most importantly those with breathing conditions such as asthma.

The Bluvments (Ending Racial Tension)

All around the internet and the news we see repulsive acts of racial profiling and tension. The fact of the matter is that racism still exists. Still today, all around the country, there are hate groups targeted towards specific races or religions. Some well known examples of strong hate groups are the KKK (Ku Klux Klan), modern day Nazis, and even Islamic Extremists (specifically the extremists). Members of these groups could randomly have a fuse go off in their mind based on hate for another race or religion, and end up committing mass murder. Incidents like these make people feel uneasy and unsafe because of the potential for racial targeting.

 In addition to acts of physical violence, people who have hatred instilled in them for another race or religion use verbal assault and racial slurs to send their message. For African Americans it’s the n-word, for Muslims its ‘terrorist’, the list goes on. Ultimately, it all stems from the environment. A child is not born racist. Racism is an acquired trait that is taught to people through the internet, television, and even the guardian of a child. When exposed to offensive behavior in youth, children will grow up believing it is normal, or worse, right.

kids (blakc and white)

Recent headlines in America have also charged racial tension in out country. More recently, police brutality has taken a toll on America because the black community has the suspicion that the men in blue are targeting their race. This idea made headlines everywhere. When people from the black community respond violently, suddenly they’re the enemy. This is a form of targeting. A group of people in desperate need for some justice become the enemy because a few people act irrationally, therefore swaying the judgement of several Americans. The same goes for Muslims. When a ‘Muslim’ commits a murder(s), The news immediately suspects ties with ISIS and labels them a terrorist. Though ISIS may indeed have been the person’s motivation, it is not necessarily the case. What this does however, is make those who are too ignorant and those whose thoughts are blindly guided by the news suddenly deem all Muslim’s terrorists. The same goes for white people in that they are targeted by several people in other races as ‘white supremacists’. No one race is safe from any type of targeting.

Every race or religion has groups of people targeting them. I feel my group should focus on fixing the racial divide in America because it affects everyone in one way or another.

Fight Against the Travel Ban

Obviously, movements that developed and spanned earlier in history did not have equivalent access to the Internet and television that current ones have. Movements and activist groups in the recent years are fortunate in the ability to spread their message through the use of websites, social media, and the news. Lucky for me, I am looking into the Travel Ban imposed by President Trump that quite literally dates back to last month. The internet is amazing in that it can connect millions of people without having to leave the comfort of home, but it also displays numerous sources of information for the public. Most of the news about the ban have to do with the onsite protests against the ban at airports, but the internet plays a major role in channeling the negative energy towards the ban into articles, stands, and even memes. The ‘millennials’ have a huge voice now and through social media they voice their issues. All of the negative backlash on social media for the travel ban most likely had a major impact on the decision by the court to put a hold on the ban. Additionally,  Videos and pictures caught at some of the protests circulate around the internet and this cause more and more people to join in the movement because they get to see what is occurring without actually being there to witness.

no-ban-no-wall

A specific webpage should be enticing and really stand out to the viewer. The homepage should immediately grab people’s attention and the page should not let go until the viewer is convinced of the message. Use of videos, audio, and pictures is almost necessary because large spans of text turn the average observer away. For my webpage, I want the visitor to be moved right as the click to the page, so large text saying “No Ban No Wall” would immediately press the concern. Videos of people protesting at airports, I feel, would also really stand out and give the page an initial jump.

Organization is also key to a successful webpage. Similar to the Campaign Zero website, my website needs to have clearly labeled section such as problem, solution, research, articles, etc. I think this user-friendly setup could actually sway people towards the argument at hand because of the fluidity of navigation. All in all, I really want my website to contain  vivid pictures and colors, energizing video clips, and a simple and thought out method of maneuvering throughout the site. End users, or viewers, would hopefully see that and be drawn in and maybe end up supporting the cause.

Advocacy

When I think of advocacy, I think of groups of people coming together both physically and digitally and putting a voice behind a certain cause or purpose. The purpose can be big or small but ultimately the idea is to bring about change to the current situation. Advocacy is all about bringing justice to every aspect of life. In my opinion, It is a method of standing up for groups of people in a similar situation as yourself or for those who don’t have the power to stand up for themselves.

We see movements towards justice all throughout history in instances such as the Civil Rights Movement, many women’s rights movements, and, more recently, movements against President Trump’s new travel ban.

The Travel Ban stands out to me because it is also known as the Muslim Ban. I am a Muslim, my family is Muslim, and a lot of my friends are Muslim. When I see the clear animosity towards Muslims in the form of this travel ban, I feel attacked and Muslims all around the world feel attacked.

Just recently, I was at the Philadelphia Airport and I saw large groups of protesters standing up against the ban. The amazing thing about it was that the majority of these people weren’t even Muslims. As a nation, people are coming together to fight against social injustice. This speaks volumes to me and I think it is important to stand as one for the cause.