Greek Life and Mental Health Sources

  1. Scott-Sheldon, Lori A. J., Kate B. Carey, and Michael P. Carey. “Health Behavior and College Students: Does Greek Affiliation Matter?” Journal of behavioral medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, Feb. 2008. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. This is a scholarly article written by NIH which is a government organization. This is an incredibly credible source that explores the topic of Greek affiliation from a strictly psychological standpoint.
  2. Chapman Body Matter. pp. 1–47, Chapman Body MatterThis is a source that focuses on women, specifically. This is a longer (47 page) article that really goes in depth about the psychological impacts of sorority involvement. As a more detailed source, it will provide me with a plethora of information and statistics/results from various psychological studies about the impact of joining Greek organizations. It explores both sides of the argument and presents concurrences from various studies that have been done.
  3. Mercuro, Anne, et al. “The Effects of Hazing on Student Self-Esteem: Study of Hazing Practices in Greek Organizations in a State College.” The Effects of Hazing on Student Self-Esteem: Study of Hazing Practices in Greek Organizations in a State College – Ramapo Journal of Law & Society, Ramapo College, 6 Mar. 2014, http://www.ramapo.edu/law-journal/thesis/effects-hazing-student-self-esteem-study-hazing-practices-greek-organizations-state-college/. Accessed 28 Apr. 2017. This source provides a counterargument that discusses, specifically, the psychological effects of hazing on fraternity men.
  4. Bruce, Michelle. “Greek Life Builds Confidence and Success.” The Mu, Monmouth University, 22 Feb. 2011, blogs.monm.edu/mu/2011/02/22/greek-life-builds-confidence-and-success/. Accessed 28 Apr. 2017. This is a source that underscores my argument by discussing a personal account about the positive effects of Greek life.
  5. Donato, Andrew De, and James Thomas. “The Effects of Greek Affiliation on Academic Performance.” https://Sites.duke.edu/Jamesthomas/Files/2015/07/De-Donato-Thomas-Greek-Effects-Draft.pdf, Duke University, 5 July 2015, https://sites.duke.edu/jamesthomas/files/2015/07/De-Donato-Thomas-Greek-Effects-Draft.pdf. Accessed 28 Apr. 2017. This is an article published by Duke University that provides insight from both sides of the argument.

An important note to take into account when researching sources for a paper is to  make sure the sources are credible by filtering them by top-level domain. I did not utilize any sources that were not either “.edu”, “.gov”, or “.org” because then I would not be able to tell whether or not they were written by a reliable author with valid information about the subject on hand. I also made sure to include a variety of sources, including a personal account written on a university blog. However, while looking up sources to use, I found that the greatest proportion of reliable, relevant sources I chose to include came from universities that had done previous research about the impact of Greek life on mental health in order to provide prospective participants with conducive information that could influence their choice as to whether they decide to join or to opt out. As for the information, I included sources that argued both sides. One counterargument source was one that discussed hazing in fraternities and some negative mental impacts it may have such as PTSD, extremely out of range stress and anxiety levels, and an overall prolonged state of fear. On the other hand,  I mainly included sources to back up my thesis that also provided evidence for the argument that joining Greek life has an overall positive impact on mental health.

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Exploring Topics of Interest

As a collegiate female athlete majoring in fashion merchandising, three activism related topics that interest me are income equality post graduation, sustainability in the fashion industry/the growing environmental concern of clothing waste, and title 9 cases/sexual assault on college campuses. Income equality interests me because since I am majoring in a business-related field, I am nervous that I will be discriminated against when I graduate because of my gender since many financial industries are heavily male dominated, especially in higher level positions with managerial roles. Sustainability in the fashion industry, on the other hand, interests me because fashion is currently one of the most unsustainable industries and I would love to work towards helping it become more sustainable rather than contributing to the problem every day on the job. Finally, title 9 cases/sexual assault cases on college campuses pique my interest because rape and sexual assault is so grossly underreported and overlooked by officials.

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For income equality, my open ended question would be, “How can we as female college students work together towards ensuring that when we graduate, our pay rate in relation to men will be one dollar to one dollar?” For sustainability in fashion, my open ended question would be, “What steps can be taken to move the fashion industry towards the positive end of the sustainability spectrum and to decrease the detrimental impacts of fast fashion on the environment?” For Title 9 cases and the prevalence of sexual assault on campuses, my open ended question would be, “By utilizing surveys and currents facts and statistics, what can be done to mitigate sexual assault on college campuses and make victims more likely to report rape when it happens?”

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By delving into these topics, I hope to find information such as statistics about the depth/prevalence of each, testimonies to recent graduate’s personal experiences with these issues, what steps have been done so far to help the causes, and the main pain point contributors to the problems. I also hope to formulate a plethora of my own opinions about actions that can be taken and to come up with unique ideas that have not necessarily been tested before.

-Katie Kornienko, Future Campus Activist.

Fair International Labor Movement (Team Core4)

Do you know where your clothes come from? I don’t mean just what’s on the label like “Made in China” or “Produced in Sri Lanka”; I’m talking about the entire process from start to finish. In my Fashion 180 class (Product Development),  I recently learned about the Catch 22 that is international labor and outsourcing apparel manufacturing to countries such as Bangladesh, China, India,  and Vietnam. The reason why such outsourcing is a Catch 22 is because while companies in America are paying international workers minuscule fractions of what they would have to pay them in America, working at such companies is still the best option for such workers since there is such a dearth of any paying jobs in their area.sweat

However, these workplaces (sweatshops, production lines), while they may be the worker’s best options, are still very dangerous, unstable, and prone to fires. In 2013, a sweatshop named Rana Plaza collapsed in Bangladesh, and thousands of workers were either instantly dead or irreversibly injured, leaving their families in despair with no other source of income.fashion

After this, the movement for safe and fair international labor really took off. This movement is important to me because as a fashion major, I have seen the impacts of globalization on the industry and I have seen how increasingly spread out production is becoming from its central source. This has a huge impact on the lives of many people around the world. The movement focuses on improving workplace conditions internationally and making labor more regulated through increasing the minimum working age, increasing general wages, and making workplaces safer and less crowded. I like how this movement is global and forces us to open our eyes to issues beyond the scope of our day to day lives as college students. We could even possibly get input from international students from countries such as China who have seen the impacts of it first hand or who have had relatives work in the unsafe conditions before.

-Katie Kornienko, Core4

A Platform for Change

As technology becomes increasingly relevant in the twenty-first century, the circulation of thought is increasing in speed and efficiency, allowing ideas to spread from person to person, then state to state, and sometimes, even country to country, within a matter of days. The movement I have chosen to delve into, the anti-rape culture/sexual assault on campus movement, uses the power of online platforms in several ways, one of which is to provide an anonymous way for victims to reach out and speak about sexual assault without disclosing their identity. On platforms such as Twitter, Instagram, and Tumblr, victims can discuss their feelings with others who understand what they are going through, and talk about how to cope with post traumatic stress and anxiety that prevent them from reaching out or talking about what happened to the police or school authorities. Another way this movement uses online platforms is to reach out to people about different gatherings, marches, and protests that are happening across the country such as the Anti-Rape Marches and Slut Walks in Philadelphia, Los Angeles, New York, and several other large metropolitan areas. Facebook groups, especially, are conducive to bringing people together for these events because once one person clicks the “Interested” or “Going” buttons, all of their Facebook friends can see this, and the event instantly gains exposure to all of their hundreds/thousands of friends. In this way, the word gets out quickly, and suddenly, after a mere two days of the event’s online fruition, hundreds of thousands of people are exposed to it, and many of them will decide to attend.it.jpg

Media is also incredibly important to my movement, in that humans, by nature, are visual beings, and photographs and videos tend to appeal to their emotions more than just words. Personally, I feel very empowered when I see pictures on Instagram and Tumblr of women holding up signs that say things like, “I was wearing this when I was raped”, while they are dressed in a simple tee-shirt and jeans, implying that rape has nothing to do with the victim’s clothing, provocative or not. It is NEVER the victim’s fault. Because such visuals are so powerful, I will include many on my webpage, especially on the home tab, in order to catch visitor’s attentions and appeal to their pathos the same way that Instagram posts from the marches appealed to mine.

A Movement for a Voice

Advocacy, to me, is the power of having my voice be heard as a collective voice that speaks for those who have been silenced. While one voice alone may seem small and weak amidst the voice or actions of the opposition, it has the power to ignite a change and act as an impetus for the beginning of a larger movement. A wildfire cannot start without an initial spark, and that spark is the power of just one or two voices. When I think of movements, I generally think of protests, marches, sit-downs, and the introduction of newfound social and political justice. I also think of the unyielding power of group-thought and hundreds or thousands of people standing together to fight for a common cause. Personally, I am greatly interested (and have even been involved) in movements that advocated against sexual assault and rape culture on college campuses across America. Some examples of the anti-sexual assault movements have occurred at various universities such as the protests against rape at Syracuse University in 2014, the mattress carrying at Columbia University as a response to the sexual assault of student Emma Sulkowicz (“Carry That Weight”), and the marches at Dartmouth College that aided in the implementation of new school-wide sexual violence mandates. Although I am also interested in other movements, such as the Gay Rights and Marriage Equality movement and the recent Women’s March on Washington, the anti-rape movement is the closest to my heart and the movement that I have been most diligently following since it’s inception. I see many, many benefits from this movement, such as the implementation of more harsh consequences for sexual offenders, support groups for those who have been affected by sexual violence, and the mandates of anti-sexual violence education classes on campus. A challenge to this movement that I can imagine will continue to be a challenge moving forward is the stigma that surrounds sexual assault. Many women (and men) are afraid to report a sexual assault because they are afraid that they will be victim blamed and there will only be scarlet letter shame for them instead of justice. This is why many victims internalize the pain and post traumatic stress that comes after sexual assault instead of talking about it to a professional or reporting it to police. However, I hope that through the continued push of the movement, this stigma will be mitigated, and victims will not be afraid to speak out, while offenders will be rightly punished.

-Katie Kornienko.